Located in the north west of England, close to the Lake District and 16km (10 miles) from the Scottish Border, Carlisle began its life as a Roman garrison town. Its castle was first established in the 11th-century by William II and today remains a popular visitor attraction. The city also offers easy access to many parts of Hadrian's Wall.
Carlisle is a principal railway station on the West Coast main railway line. Other railway lines go to Newcastle, Leeds and Glasgow via Dumfries and west Cumbria. The city is also linked to the rest of England via the M6 motorway towards the South, and to Scotland via the M74/A74 towards Glasgow and the North.